Going back into history and what reaffirms my square count valuation is the game played between Zukertort and Anderssen, Breslau 1865. It is an ideal sample of the explosive nature of gambits and that chess stars of the past can fall prey to a cunning imagination.
After 1. e4 e5 2. f4 e:f4 3. Nf3 g5 4. Bc4 g4 5. O-O Qe7 6. Nc3 g:f3 7. d4 d6 8. Nd5 Qd7 9. Q:f3 Nc6 10. Q:f4 Nd8 11. Qg3 c6 Black says: “scat me lovely” but it is a horrible blunder. Just count up the square difference which suggests a clever wrinkle in the position.
12. Q:g8!! R:g8 13. Nf6+ Ke7 14. N:g8+! Ke8 15. Nf6+ Ke7 16.N:d7 B:d7 17. Bg5+ Black resigns.
It behooves you if defending to consider squares if your King is exposed to attack. In the above example, Black’s King had almost no say in what is termed “forced moves”, and if attacking beware of this type which adds to your optimism in carrying out a successful winning line.
In the world of chess talents emerged three sisters from Hungary. Refer my book review. Each attained star status in Hungary; Susan and Judit waged chess wars with a goal of achieving the Grandmaster title through tournament competition with male GMs. Judit has a column in New In Chess. I highly recommend it both for content and creative writing. It also reinforces my belief that youngsters, both boys and girls, study and play sharp openings to develop dynamic and tactical prowess in their play.
Her article The Queen’s King Gambit illustrates this theme. The following game was from the age of eight, played in Budapest, 1984. Judit Polgar vs. E. Kahn , Gambit Declined. 1.e4 e5 2. f4 Bc5 3. Nf3 d6 4. c3 Nc6!? 5. d4 e:d4 6. c:d4 Bb4+ 7. Nc3 Qe7 8. Bd3 Nf6 9. e5 A theme often to play out once the e5 pawn was exchanged leaving that square open. The Bishop now has a nice long diagonal h7-b1, greater s/c giving White a dynamic position. Regardless the outcome, Black needed to exchange B:c3 against the Knight invading d5.
9. …O-O 10. O-O Nd7 11. Nd5! Qd8 12. B:h7+! K:h7 13. Ng5+ Kh6 14. f5 Eying 15. Ne6+ Kh7 16. Qh5 mate.
14. … Q:g5 15. B:g5+ K:g5 16. Rf4 g6 17. Qg4+ Kh6 18. Qh4+ Kg7 19. f6+ (1-0).
Judit Polgar vs. Sheila Jackson, 1988 Olympiad, KG-Nimzowitsch Var. 1. e4 e5 2. f4 d5 3. e:d5 c6 4. Nc3 e:f4 5. Nf3 Bd6 6. d4 Ne7 7. Bd3 O-O 8. O-O N:d5 9. N:d5 c:d5 10. Ne5 Nc6 11. N:c6 b:c6 12. B:f4 B:f4 13. R:f4 A good book pair to study is Euwe’s The Middle Game Static Features; and, MG Dynamic Features.
13. … Qg5 14. Qf3 Be6 15.Re1 g6 16. h4 Qh6 17. Kf2 JP notes that 17. Qf2 was better.
17. … Rab8 18. b3 a5 19. Rh1 a4 20. g4 a:b3 21. g5 Qg7 22. a:b3 Rb4 23. Qe3 Re8 24. Re1 Qf8 25. Qe5 Dominating the dark squares and threatens to enter deeper into the Kingside.
25. … Bd7 26. Qf6 R:e1 27. K:e1 Here, JP gives her assessment and what thoughts a GM puts into dissecting a position.
“With all black pawns on light squares, you might consider her Bishop really bad, but things are not that simple. In order to make progress, White needs to remove the Rook from f6, thus offering Black counterplay based on …f7-f6. My opponent failed to use her chances and I won 20 moves later.
“White’s main goal in the King’s Gambit is strategic. The first player aims at getting a strong central majority, ensuring active play after the desired pawn retrieval.”
Finally, I show her game from 1993 Biel International, KG-Bishop’s var. 1. e4 e5 2. f4 e:f4 3. Bc4 Actually my buddy Tom McKellop and I prefer this line over 3. Nf3. It was also often played by Bobby Fischer in his simultaneous exhibitions.
3. … Ne7 4. Nc3 Ng6 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. d4 Bb4 7. Bd2 d6 8. a3 Ba5 9. Nd5 B:d2+ 10. Q:d2 Be6 11. O-O-O Nce7?! (Qd7 looks safer) 12. h4 c6 13. N:e7 Q:e7 14. B:e6 Q:e6 15. h5 Ne7 16. Q:f4 Qh6 (h6 17, d5 c:d5 18. e:d5 N:d5?? 19. Qd4 Ne7 20. Rhe1 with attack) 17. Q:h6 g:h6 18. Rh4 Rg8 19, Qd4 Ne7 20. Rhe1 with a decisive attack.
17. Q:h6 g:h6 18. Rh4 Rg8 19. Rd2 Rg7 20. Rf4 Winning in a superior endgame position.
This concludes the study on the King’s Gambit. Not all the defenses are examined; you can find them for example in any of the Modern Chess Openings series. Also, The Games of Frank Marshall has some beauts as well as Boris Spassky and David Bronstein books. These game collections feature much dynamic and tactical chess play and worth the cost and time discovering the joys within their covers.